After the fall of Taliban militants, there was great hope amongst the nation that Afghanistan would grow in peace and prosperity and that the state would not come under any threat as bad as Taliban who could upset the peace process. The people returned from the neighboring countries by thousands to restart from the very beginning, after presuming that the security situation has improved then.
Since then, years of have gone by with continued fighting and miseries to defeat the Taliban completely so that they should not be able to rise again to interrupt the reconstruction process. Yet, the country faces another threat, far more dangerous than that of the Taliban militants. Their brutal acts of massacre in Arabian regions demonstrate the fact that they are worst in their treatment than Taliban.
In 2014, when the ISIS appeared in some parts of Iraq and Syria, no one could ever imagine that the disease in Iraq and Syria would soon effect Afghanistan or any parts of the world. In those point of time, the expert analysts were predicting the situation in Iraq and Syria as of their internal issues and that the Iraqis themselves would handle the situation in a very persuasive manner. They were in strong believe that the war in Iraq has successfully ended and that the Iraqi soldiers were well trained and equipped to defend the country against any forms of violence.
But the predictions were all wrong and we all failed to make a good prognostication about the real terror threats which were hitting the Iraqis. Whatsoever the ISIS was in Iraq, the disease was a regional problem. The growing influence and form of sympathies to the powerful and newly emerged extremist group spread throughout the world, poses greater threat to the regions than that of the Taliban insurgents. With such horrifying rise in the Middle East, they are believed to upset the whole world, from every modernized societies to even poorest pars of the world.
Today, Afghanistan grows under the same situation, just like Arabian countries. The same predictions and amylases are offered to the ground threat being posed by the Taliban insurgents and ISIS. Most of the international experts explain the threat in Afghanistan by the Taliban and their allied fighters as domestic issues. They explain that the war to counter terrorism is over in Afghanistan and that the region owns strong security forces to defeat the Taliban and their allied insurgent fighters, such as the “ISIS” movement. But the lesson learned from Iraq suggests us to be more realistic about the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan. Their rise in the region poses greater threat and may likely set the nation into another black chapter.
There were grave concerns over their presence in the boundaries of Afghanistan in their first appearance. It was not too late, when media outlets back in Kabul and other provinces said about ISIS black flags raised in some parts of Pakistan, the eastern, closest and most engaged neighbor of Afghanistan. Now, most of the security officials back in Afghanistan confirmed their presence in over ten provinces, from southern to northern. Its expansion was fueled, in part, by absorbing other Islamist extremist groups in recent years. Many fighters were inspired by the dramatic video images of Mr. Baghdadi, draped in a black cloak, declaring a new caliphate.
According to the latest statements made by the Afghan security officials, the ISIS fighters along with their famous black flag located themselves in southern Helmand, Oruzgan, Zabul, Ghanzi, western Farah, northern Badakhshan, Kundoz and southeastern Kuner provinces. The officials confirmed about their perpetual recruiting of new fighters, establishing training comps and trying to attract more and more allies and sympathizers on over-mentioned regions of Afghanistan. Many passengers from central-east Ghazni province complain about the black clothing armed men with advanced weapons searching the cars and passengers. According to passengers on the board, these groups do not speak the common local languages of Afghanistan and they seem to be foreigners.
In addition, the concerns of ordinary Afghans are increasing about the threat being posed by ISIS’s heavily-armed men. The Afghans have already watched the cruelty and brutality of ISIS back in Iraq and Syria throughout social and visionary Medias. From the brutal and indiscriminate beheading, selling out the so-called girls to instigate violence and bring separation between the religious ethnicity.
The people are going through the same fearing and panic situation. They are afraid of the Iraqi scene to be repeated in Afghanistan. The religious monitories are predicted to suffer the worst. As a result, the people grow with serious questions about the aftermath. Would the ANSF be able to protect them from any potential and possible threat of the ISIS forces in Afghanistan? How would the government react now against the rise of the ISIS’s influence in most part of the state? ISIS look far more fearless than their Taliban counterpart did when they began appearing from Kandahar province in 1995-1996.
Given the facts, the ISIS had incredible military gains against the Iraqi army, which was once one of the well-trained, highly-mobilized, and powerful forces in the Middle East. Afghan security forces with no meaning could be compared to their Iraqi counterparts. ANSF is just a newly-established force with no such convenient resources to be able to face this newly-emerged force without a proper, powerful and resolute air support. They still lack some of the most essential equipment in the battlefield against the Taliban militants.
With Afghan forces fighting back with Afghan Taliban and other ISIS-linked militant groups in various parts of the country, if the ISIS engages with any possible combat with the forces, it would be very tough to reply, whether the forces are able to fight them back or not. As we know so far, the ISIS is one of the fieriest, richest, heavily-armed, and well-trained terrorist groups in the Middle East. They can bring any possible miseries in the regional areas.
The state nations certainly perceive that the extreme threat to the global security if these terrorist groups could get a hold of nuclear weapons. The state leaders, particularly the United States holds several international conferences on addressing this direct and extreme threat. Thus, there is no guarantee that terrorist organization, such as ISIS will not acquire nuclear weapons. Al-Qaeda struggled for several years to obtain nuclear and chemical weapons but persistently failed in the phase. Nevertheless, ISIS is much stronger than Al-Qaeda and was able to hold some sort of chemical weapons in Iraq, which they used against Kurds.
If ISIS obtain nuclear weapons in Pakistan, a new chapter of terrorism will emerge, and ISIS will turn into an invincible force and will set the whole world into mass annihilation. This time, the world will have to deal with nuclear terrorism in Pakistan, which will be fueled by drug money from Afghanistan and oil money from Arabian countries. It will certainly have severe consequence, not only for Pakistan and Afghanistan, but also for the whole world.
To stop the cause of human annihilation from age to age, the world leaders must think about the security concern over Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and make sure that the ISIS will never get hold of them. This bears considerable weight on the United States, because America is a pioneer of the nuclear technology, and a close ally of Pakistan.
The potential security threat that the ISIS poses should not be underestimated. The world leaders must think of this paralyzing phenomenon, before it starts to bring further violence in the world. The ISIS is not only a threat to the Middle East, but rather a threat to the whole world. To eliminate them, there is a need for a collaborative force from around the world to stop them wherever they are.