Prosodic features in English – Ilm-e-Arooz

Ilm-e-Arooz – in Urdu/Arabic – the foundation of poetry.

Mr. Sadiq ‘Saba’ who is a famous modern day Urdu poet, linguist and a teacher, describes it on poetry – especially pertinent to Urdu Shaayari on ‘Ilm-e-Arooz’ which roughly translates to the ‘Body of Knowledge (Science) of the art of poetry’.

Mr. Sadiq Saba gives a brief introduction to ‘Ilm-e-Arooz’, the science of constructing ‘flawless’ poetry. This is followed by appropriate examples for ease of understanding, whereby this knowledge can be used to ‘Balance’ the usage of words when creating poetry. Historical treatise for this science is fully elaborated. Various concepts and constructs within the science of ‘Ilm-e-Urooz’ are explained describing the scale (length or metre), origin of musicality and beats as well as the vocabulary used by original inventor of the Science. Full example is given of the concept of this science as building a tent (home of an Arab) i.e. “Bait” requiring a pole, ropes, doors and nails to set a ‘home’ up and appropriately these elements form the necessary elements in constructing poetry. An example of usage of ‘Bahr’ is provided at the end whereby Mr. Saba sings a very popular song “Teri Yaad Dil Se Bhulaane Chala Hoon” originally sung by late Mukesh, written by late Shailendra for the film ‘Hariyali_Aur_Rasta’.

About samad1986

Abdul Samad Haidari is a poet, writer, teacher and a former freelance journalist, currently residing in Indonesia as a stateless refugee. He is the author of The Red Ribbon He fled his home country at the age of seven and grew up wandering in Pakistan and Iran as a child refugee, and was separated from his family for the majority of his childhood. For two years, at the age of eight and nine, he was forced into child labour in the construction industry in Iran. In contrast, Pakistan offered refugees like him the opportunity to study and work. This education and work experience culminated in Abdul teaching computer studies and English language courses at the Intel Computer Center and Pak Oxford Professionals. After the collapse of the Taliban government, Abdul returned to Afghanistan thinking that the security situation had improved, and that he could take part in the reconstruction of his war-torn country. With this in mind, Abdul served as a freelance journalist and humanitarian aid-worker in areas of the country that remained dangerous to civilians because of the influence of terrorist groups. Abdul served with the Norwegian refugee council (NRC), ActionAid Afghanistan, Daily Outlook Afghanistan group of newspapers, and The Daily Afghanistan Express. As a freelance journalist, Abdul wrote articles and editorials about on-the-ground realities, which were then circulated widely. These had a particular focus on women and children’s rights, corruption, transparency and accountability in government, warlords and terrorist groups’ actions and the systematic persecution of minority groups in both Afghanistan and Pakistan.
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