Ilm-e-Arooz – in Urdu/Arabic – the foundation of poetry.
Mr. Sadiq ‘Saba’ who is a famous modern day Urdu poet, linguist and a teacher, describes it on poetry – especially pertinent to Urdu Shaayari on ‘Ilm-e-Arooz’ which roughly translates to the ‘Body of Knowledge (Science) of the art of poetry’.
Mr. Sadiq Saba gives a brief introduction to ‘Ilm-e-Arooz’, the science of constructing ‘flawless’ poetry. This is followed by appropriate examples for ease of understanding, whereby this knowledge can be used to ‘Balance’ the usage of words when creating poetry. Historical treatise for this science is fully elaborated. Various concepts and constructs within the science of ‘Ilm-e-Urooz’ are explained describing the scale (length or metre), origin of musicality and beats as well as the vocabulary used by original inventor of the Science. Full example is given of the concept of this science as building a tent (home of an Arab) i.e. “Bait” requiring a pole, ropes, doors and nails to set a ‘home’ up and appropriately these elements form the necessary elements in constructing poetry. An example of usage of ‘Bahr’ is provided at the end whereby Mr. Saba sings a very popular song “Teri Yaad Dil Se Bhulaane Chala Hoon” originally sung by late Mukesh, written by late Shailendra for the film ‘Hariyali_Aur_Rasta’.
Raaf is a mountainous vegetable with a rich fragrance that grows only in the Spring season in Afghanistan.
What we were before and what we are now.